词语辨析--act as,act like
文章来源: 文章作者: 发布时间:2009-02-15 05:56 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

乍然看来,act as和 act like是两个同义短语,在涵义上无甚区别可言,其实不然。

Act as的意思是“充当”、“担任”,相当于 serve as,可与人或物词如:doctor、director、interpreter、guide、coach、 teacher、go-between、furniture、tools等字搭配使用。as是连词,引导一个省略了谓语的状语从句。例:

This herb can act as an antidote1 against snakebite.

这种药草可以用作蛇咬的解毒药。

Last summer she acted as a guide for tourists.

去年夏天,她担任旅游向导。

This coin may act as a screwdriver2

这枚硬币可以充当螺丝起子用。

Mr.Liu acted as group leader while Mr.Zhang was ill.

张先生生病时,刘先生任组长。

请注意,有时候,act for与act as的意义颇相近,但它们在表示概念方面互不相同。act as是“(临时)充当”或“起…的作用”; act for则表示“代理”的涵义。请比较下一句和前述句:

Mr.Liu acted for Mr.Zhang while,the latter was ill.

张先生患病期间,刘先生代理他的工作。

Act like的意思是“行为像”、“举动像”,相当于英语的 to act in the manner of,它常与人或动物名词连用。like是介词,其后接宾语。例:

That child acts like a grown-up.

那个孩子的举动像成年人一样。

Don't act like a fool!

别像傻瓜一般!

His refusal of our offer acted like a wet blanket.

他拒绝了我们的建议,真使我们扫兴。



点击收听单词发音  

1 antidote     
n.解毒药,解毒剂
参考例句:
  • There is no known antidote for this poison.这种毒药没有解药。
  • Chinese physicians used it as an antidote for snake poison.中医师用它来解蛇毒。
2 screwdriver     
n.螺丝起子;伏特加橙汁鸡尾酒
参考例句:
  • He took a screwdriver and teased out the remaining screws.他拿出螺丝刀把其余的螺丝卸了下来。
  • The electric drill can also be used as a screwdriver.这把电钻也可用作螺丝刀。
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