2008年职称英语考试词汇选项习题(五)b
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(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

词汇学习 十

每组词汇学习有15道小题。在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语,请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

1.Most chemical reactions of an organic compound involve only a few of its numerous and bonds; the remainder stay unchanged.

  A)majority                       B)distribution                C)rest                         D)stability

2.The specific mechanisms1 by which cortisone and similar compounds function are poorly documented.

  A)partially                       B)occasionally               C)inadequately                D)rarely

3.Can you account for your absence from the class last Thursday?

  A)explain                       B)examine                       C)excuse                       D)expand

4.A limited number of books on this subject are in the library.

  A)little                            B)small                       C)tiny                         D)low

5.The company recommended that a new petrol station be built here.

  A)ordered                       B)insisted                       C)suggested                  D)demanded

6.Jim has gained so much weight that a lot of his clothes don’t fit him any more.

  A)put off                       B)put down                       C)put on                       D)put up

7.Foreign money can be converted at this bank.

  A)altered                       B)changed                       C)bought                       D)sold

8.Government health campaigns have fostered an awareness2 of the dangers in certain social habits.

  A)included                       B)discovered           C)cultivated                       D)discouraged

9.Evidence verifies that hearing problems may be alleviated3 by changes in diet and exercise habits.

  A)initiated                       B)cured                       C)complicated               D)lessened

10.The police contended that the difficulties they faced were too severe.

  A)argued                       B)predicted                       C)said                         D)suggested

11.The conclusion can be deduced from the premises4.

  A)allowed                       B)derived                       C)permitted                       D)come

12.Fruits such as apples and oranges are very wholesome5, and may be eaten at any time.

  A)normal                       B)healthy                       C)appropriate         D)proper

13.There are only five minutes left, but the outcome of the match is still in doubt.

  A)end                             B)judgment                       C)estimation           D)result

14.Long before the concert began, big crowds of pop fans had assembled in the stadium.

  A)concentrated                B)resembled           C)gathered                       D)dispersed

15.It is hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.

  A)sincere                       B)hard                       C)strict                              D)tight

 



点击收听单词发音  

1 mechanisms     
n.机械( mechanism的名词复数 );机械装置;[生物学] 机制;机械作用
参考例句:
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms. 这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He explained how the two mechanisms worked. 他解释这两台机械装置是如何工作的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
2 awareness     
n.意识,觉悟,懂事,明智
参考例句:
  • There is a general awareness that smoking is harmful.人们普遍认识到吸烟有害健康。
  • Environmental awareness has increased over the years.这些年来人们的环境意识增强了。
3 alleviated     
减轻,缓解,缓和( alleviate的过去式和过去分词 )
参考例句:
  • It is always completely alleviated by total gastrectomy. 全胃切除永远完全缓解症状。
  • Toxicity problem in manufacturing and storage might be alleviated by coating beryllium with aluminum. 但如果用铝包覆铍,则可避免加工过程中及储存期间的中毒问题。
4 premises     
n.建筑物,房屋
参考例句:
  • According to the rules,no alcohol can be consumed on the premises.按照规定,场内不准饮酒。
  • All repairs are done on the premises and not put out.全部修缮都在家里进行,不用送到外面去做。
5 wholesome     
adj.适合;卫生的;有益健康的;显示身心健康的
参考例句:
  • In actual fact the things I like doing are mostly wholesome.实际上我喜欢做的事大都是有助于增进身体健康的。
  • It is not wholesome to eat without washing your hands.不洗手吃饭是不卫生的。
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